Financial Accounting (FI) 事务码简介(字母A打头)

1 Financial Accounting (FI)

AB01

Create an Asset Transaction

This transaction is used for posting a general asset transaction. An asset

number, company code, sub number, document date, posting date, posting period,

and transaction type are required. The transaction type will determine the

general ledger entries. Enter an amount of the asset posting, the asset value

date and, optionally, any text to complete the posting.

AB02

Documents for Asset (Change)

This transaction is used to change existing asset accounting documents. There

are only a few fields that can be changed once an asset accounting document has

been posted, for example, the text and assignment fields at the line item level.

The asset value date can also be changed, but this does not automatically

re-determine the depreciation start date (this can be done only by changing the

asset master).

AB03

Documents for Asset (Display)

Use this transaction to display asset accounting documents. The important field

to recognize is the transaction type, which controls the classification of the

transaction and the integration into the general ledger.

AB08

Documents for Asset (Reverse)

This transaction is used to reverse asset accounting documents due to an error.

The default selection criteria will be the company code and asset number.

Additional selection criteria may be utilized using dynamic selection

functionality. Once the asset accounting document is displayed, the reverse

document transaction can then be executed.

ABAA

Unplanned Depreciation

Use this transition if an asset requires depreciation outside of the

automatically calculated ordinary depreciation. Select the asset number, company

code, document date, posting date, and posting period. The default transaction

type is 640 (unplanned depreciation on prior-year acquisitions), which can be

changed to 650 (unplanned depreciation on current-year acquisitions). On the

next screen enter the amount of unplanned depreciation and post to all the asset

depreciation areas.

ABAON

Enter Asset Transaction: Asset Sale without Customer

Use this transaction to sell an asset without recording an accounts receivable

with the customer (Transaction F-92 can be used for an asset retirement with

revenue with a customer). Upon posting, the acquisition value accumulated

depreciation is reversed, a gain/loss on the sale is recorded, and a clearing

account is posted with the proceeds from the sale in a subsequent general ledger

entry. Enter the asset number, document date, asset value date. Then,

optionally, partial amounts can be entered and posted, as opposed to retiring

the whole asset.

ABAVN

Enter Asset Transaction: Asset Retirement by Scrapping

Use this transaction when an asset is to be scrapped without receiving any

revenue for the disposed asset. Upon posting the acquisition value, accumulated

depreciation is reversed and a gain/loss on the disposal is recorded. The

partial retirement of an asset can also be recorded. Enter the asset number,

document date, asset value date. Then optionally, partial amounts can be entered

and posted to, as opposed to scrapping the whole asset.

ABAW

Balance Sheet Revaluation

Use this transaction to perform a one-time revaluation of a fixed asset to

reflect the effects of inflation. Some countries require this valuation to be

separately identified in depreciation area 20 (historical). Enter company code,

asset number, document date, posting date, transaction type (800-post

revaluation gross) and then revaluation date and revaluation amount.

ABGF

Credit Memo in Year after Invoice

This transaction is used to post a credit to asset acquisition and production

costs. Use this transaction to post the offsetting entry to an offset account,

which has to be subsequently cleared with the external vendor invoice.

Transaction type 160 is used to post the credit in prior years. Note that prior

year depreciation is manually corrected using a write up before the credit memo

can be posted.

ABGL

Credit Memo in Year of Invoice

This transaction is used to post a credit to the asset acquisition and

production cost. Use this transaction to post the offsetting entry to an offset

account, which has to be subsequently cleared with the external vendor invoice.

Transaction type 105 is used to post the credit in the current year.

ABMA

Manual Depreciation

Use this transaction to manually calculate and post depreciation. Using a

special depreciation key, MANU, this transaction may be used where there is an

unexpected permanent reduction in the asset’s net worth or there is a special

tax depreciation that is only partially taken into account. Transaction ABAA,

unplanned depreciation, is more commonly used when additional depreciation

calculation and posting is required.

ABNAN

Enter Asset Transaction: Post-Capitalization

This transaction is used to subsequently correct the acquisition and cost value

of the fixed asset. For example, an expenditure was neglected when capitalizing

the fixed asset that is linked to the assembly of the asset in a fiscal year

that is now closed. Post-capitalization is posted to the asset using standard

transaction type 400.

ABNE

Subsequent Revenue

Use this transaction to post revenue to a retired asset, for asset reporting

purposes. Note that there is no integration with the general ledger or

controlling, so any entry made using this transaction must also be made in the

general ledger and controlling module.

ABNK

Subsequent Costs

Use this transaction to post costs to a retired asset, for asset reporting

purposes. Note that there is no integration with the general ledger or

controlling, so any entry made using this transaction must also be made in the

general ledger and controlling module.

ABSO

Miscellaneous Transactions

This transaction can be used with most asset transaction types but is not

commonly used because other transaction codes, designed with a specific business

objective in mind, have been developed, for example, posting an asset retirement

or unplanned depreciation.

ABST2

Reconcile. Program FI-AA <-> G/L: List of Accounts Showing Differences

This transaction selects asset summary records, totals the values at the company

code and business area level, and writes the values to table EWUFIAASUM. This

table is then read and reconciled with the asset accounting general ledger

accounts. This transaction should be used before year end closing.

ABT1N

Enter Asset Transaction: Intercompany Asset Transfer

Use this transaction to transfer a fixed asset between two company codes. The

retirement and acquisition values are posted in one step. A transfer variant is

selected in customizing, which is used by this transaction for the postings. The

transfer variant will consider the legal structure of the company codes, the

transfer method (i.e., gross, net, new value), sending/target company code

depreciation areas and field contents of the sending target asset master. Note

that if a manual entry to a depreciation area is required, use transaction ABT1.

ABUMN

Enter Asset Transaction: Transfer within Company Code

Use this transaction if organizational changes are required for the asset, for

example, reclassification of the asset class or profit center. This transaction

can also be used to settle an asset under construction managed at a summary

level. To facilitate the transfer, a new asset can be created, or a new asset

can be generated from the transaction. Standard transaction types 300, 310, 320,

and 330 determine the capitalization start date and depreciation start date of

the receiving asset.

ABZE

Acquisition from In-house Production

This transaction is used to post acquisition cost to an asset. The default

posting key is 70 and transaction type is 110, with the default offsetting

account proposed, set up in customizing.

ABZON

Enter Asset Transaction: Acquis. W/Autom. Offsetting Entry

This transaction can be used where the acquisition value is posted before the

receipt of an invoice from a vendor. The acquisition value is posted to the

asset, and an offsetting entry is automatically posted and requires clearing

upon the subsequent receipt of a vendor invoice.

ABZP

Acquisition from Affiliated Company

Use this transaction to post acquisition costs from one company code to another

company code within a group company. The default transaction type is 150, which

is linked, via customizing, to consolidation transaction type 125.

ABZU

Write-up

Use this transaction to make a subsequent change to the value of an asset, e.g.,

reversal of accumulated depreciation and increase the value of the asset. A

write-up will increase the planned depreciation when used with a depreciation

method based on the net book value. The transaction type will differ depending

on the depreciation type used. Standard transaction type 700 is used.

AFAB

Depreciation Posting Run

Planned depreciation is not posted to the general ledger until this transaction

has been executed. When posting depreciation in update mode, the program must be

run in background. Depreciation is posted for each depreciation area, but only

the standard delivered depreciation area 01 (book depreciation area) posts to

the general ledger.

AFAR

Recalculate Depreciation

This transaction can be used to recalculate the planned annual depreciation for

a large number of fixed assets if, for example, the depreciation keys have been

changed in configuration. Note that it is not possible to recalculate

depreciation for prior closed fiscal years.

AFBP

Log of Posting Run

This transaction is used to access the posting log for posting depreciation via

transaction AFAB, the depreciation posting run. The log will display the list of

assets posted to and the summarized posting by account assignment.

AIAB

Settlement AuC

This transaction is used to create the distribution of costs for the settlement

of an asset under construction (AUC) managed at a line item level. Costs

collected for an AUC can be managed at a summary level. In this case, the

settlement is performed when the AUC is complete, using transaction ABUMN. Use

transaction AIAB to specify, at the line item level, what the settlement

receiving objects are (e.g., FXA is an asset, CTR is a cost center) and the % of

the AUC cost that will be settled to the respective receiving objects.

AIBU

AuC Settlement

This transaction is used for the settlement of an asset under construction (AUC)

managed at a line item level. The distribution rule is created via transaction

AIAB. If the asset under construction is managed at a summary level, it can be

settled once or several times using transaction ABUMN.

AIST

Reversal of Settlement of AuC

Use this transaction to reverse the settlement of an asset under construction

using transaction AIBU. The last settlement is reversed, so if you want to

reverse the settlement before the most recent settlement then you must reverse

the last settlements first, i.e., in chronological order.

AJAB

Year-end Closing Asset Accounting

This transaction is used to close the fiscal year. Enter the company code and

fiscal year to close. After this transaction has been executed, postings or

value changes can no longer be made in asset accounting. This transaction must

be run before transaction AJRW can be successfully executed.

AJRW

Asset Fiscal Year Change

Use this transaction to open the new fiscal year. Enter the company code and new

fiscal year. Note that the transaction has to be run for the whole company code

and will carry over asset values from the previous year to the current year. Run

this transaction after the previous year has been closed, i.e., after

transaction AJAB.

AR01

Asset Balances

This transaction is a report on asset balances in a depreciation area. It can be

used in conjunction with transaction AR31 in order to make mass changes to

assets via a worklist. The following values are displayed: cumulative

acquisition value at the beginning of the fiscal year, accumulated depreciation

and the planned book value at the end of the reporting year. After the report

has been run, create and save the worklist and then execute the worklist via

transaction AR31.

AR11

Investment Support

This transaction reports on all assets with at least one investment support key.

If required, you can have SAP directly post the support amounts determined. The

transaction types for the posting are determined from the investment support

measure.

AR31

Edit Worklist

This transaction, in conjunction with transaction AR01 can be used to make mass

changes to assets. Process the worklist created using transaction AR01.

AS01

Create Asset

This transaction creates an asset master record. A company code and an asset

class are required. The asset class will determine the default values in the

general asset master data section and the depreciation area section. There is

also an option to create multiple similar assets at one time. The asset class

will structure the asset in terms of the number assignment, the general ledger

postings, and terms of depreciation, e.g., useful life of the asset, etc.

AS02

Change Asset

Use this transaction to change an asset master record. The asset class will

determine the values available to change in the general asset master data

section and the depreciation area section.

AS03

Display Asset

Use this transaction to display an asset master record. The asset class will

determine the values displayed in the general asset master data section and the

depreciation area section.

AS04

Changes Asset

Use this transaction code to report all changes to the asset master. Enter the

company code, and asset number. There is the option to select the sub number,

depreciation area, changed by user ID, and changed from date. There is also the

option to select from a specific date, time, and the individual making the

change. The report output will display the fields changed with the option to

drill down and display the old field, new field, and date changed.

AS05

Block Asset

Use this transaction to block an asset. Enter the asset number, sub number (if

any), and company code to block any further acquisition values being posted to

the asset.

AS06

Delete Asset

Use this transaction if the asset has no value and does not need to remain in

SAP. Enter the asset number, sub number (if any), and company code. Then on the

next screen, set the radio button to physically delete the asset from SAP.

AS11

Create Sub Number

Use this transaction to sub divide the main asset in order to, for example,

value the asset or account for the costs separately. The sub number is assigned

sequentially starting with the number 1. Furthermore, it is possible to account

for subsequent acquisition of an asset separately by year of acquisition using

the sub number. This can be a requirement if the indicator Acquisition only in

the year of capitalization is set in the depreciation key.

AS22

Create Group Asset

Use this transaction if there is a need to manage and depreciate an asset at a

higher level than the individual asset, for instance, in the US, according to

the Asset Depreciation Range (ADR) system. The group asset is maintained in the

same way as an individual asset except that a specific depreciation area is

assigned. To assign an individual asset to a group asset, you can use

transaction AS01 and then within the specific deprecation area, assign the asset

the group asset number.

AS23

Display Group Asset

This transaction is used to display the group asset master, which has the same

views as an individual asset except it includes a specific depreciation area

which groups assets for the calculation and posting of depreciation.

AS25

Block Group Asset

Use this transaction to block postings to a group asset. Use transaction AS05 to

block postings to individual assets.

AUN0

Analysis of an Asset and Its Environment: Data Collect. and Analysis

This report displays the environment of an asset (master data, annual values,

line items, control parameters) in order to facilitate the analysis of problems

that might arise.

AUVA

Incomplete Assets – Detail List

This transaction reports on asset master records based on a completeness

indicator. The following indicators are possible:

  • 0—Asset is complete (all required asset master fields have been maintained)

  • 1—Asset is incomplete but can be posted

  • 2—Asset is incomplete and cannot be posted (essential fields needed for

    posting are missing)

  • 3—Asset is incomplete (cst ctr, int.order, activ.type missing)

  • 4—Asset is incomplete (investment account assignment missing)

AW01N

Asset Explorer

This transaction can be used to display asset values including acquisition and

production costs and depreciation. In the header section, enter a company code,

asset number, sub number (if any) and fiscal year. The overview section enables

an analysis of planned asset value and posted values, with the ability to tab

through the depreciation areas. There are many ways to explore the value of an

asset using this reporting tool, for example, viewing the depreciation

calculation and drilling down to the general ledger posting.